The CIX VFR Club Cix On Costa
Club Events - CIX on the Costa
Paella and sangria this month, as we head to the Costa Del Sol
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The CIX VFR Club
Club Events - CIX on the Costa
A tour of the Costa Del Sol Briefing by: Francisco Garcia Garrido.
  Briefing  Wednesday 11th February 2009  
Start Time and Place On Wednesday 11th February, from 20:00 zulu, on the General Aviation apron, (to the South-East) at Malaga LEMG airport.

The event is expected to be covered by Spanish controllers speaking in English, please talk to them as clearly and slowly as possible.
Departure and Duration We will depart and fly individually or in small groups. The distance is approximately 137 nm. Anticipate spending between 1 and 2 hours. Bear in mind that Spain is one hour ahead, so try not to finish your flight too late.
Weather ...or not Before starting we will check the weather. If it is unsuitable for our trip as planned, then we will fix it. Something we can do in the simulator - wouldn't it be nice if we could do it in real life! 

FSInn has a "CAVOK" button. Click this and you get calm clear weather.
Those using SB will need to turn off the on-line weather updates, and select calm in the FS weather options.
Overview This round-robin starts from Malaga LEMG airport, one of the most touristy and beautiful places on the Spanish Mediterranean coast. We will fly southwest along the coast over luxury urbanisations and golf courses. Then we will turn to the North, inland over the rugged Ronda mountain range. Then to the West and South, until returning the coast and our departure airport.

Spain is in general a very mountainous country. In this flight you will have to pay special attention to your altitude, climbs and descents, as you will have to pass over peaks of up to 5300 ft, and at the same time you cannot fly too high, since you cross the glide path to runway 13 of Malaga airport.

This flight can be flown perfectly over default FS9/FSX scenery, although I'd recommend downloading and installing some available free scenery to improve your flight (more information below).

It’s a relatively easy exercise, making it an excellent opportunity for newcomers to participate in their first official Club event.

Club members will find more information in the Events forum.


Official charts of Malaga LEMG airport:


A modified version of the last chart, with the route drawn and headings: LE_AD_2_LEMG_VAC_1_en_(route).pdf

VFR Google Map. Illustrated below is a map of the area with the route drawn on it. Clicking on the link below the map gets you to the original Google Map. You can zoom in and switch to satellite view to have a better idea of how this region is in the real world. The map is prepared to be used alone or with the program “ InCabin Browser” at a size of 500x500 pixels. Remember that you can put this browser wherever you like, together with your panel, and use the map as you fly without pausing the simulator (both FS9/FSX versions).

Google Map

View Larger Map

An FS flight plan file that can be used in FS9 or FSX, in case you prefer do the flight following the GPS (this practice is not viewed favourably in the club, but you are free if you prefer it to do the flight this way). LEMG-LEMG.PLN

Flight Plan

Departure : LEMG
Destination : LEMG
Alternate : LEGR
Route : S1 – W1 - W - RONDA - MAR - N - N1 - E2 – E1


Before departure, file your flight plan and set the radios as follows:

ADF : RMA 330 kHz 
VOR1 : MLG 113.55 MHz
VOR2 : MAR 112.6 MHz
Transponder : 7000
COM1 : As per available ATC

Leg 1
Leg 1
Click image to see full size map
From General Aviation Parking, contact ATC and ask for taxi instructions. You will depart to the south-west to exit the CTR at W (whisky) VRP.

Keep a maximum altitude of 1000 ft AGL. Follow the coastline to the South-West, trying to identify the coast shape in the map to locate the VRPs S-1 (sierra-one), W-1 (whisky-one) and W. In case you are not sure of your position, just follow the coast and look at the distance from VOR MLG 113.55:

S-1 point is at 5.1 nm from VOR MLG
W-1 point: is at 12.1 nm from VOR MLG
W point: is at 26.0 nm from VOR MLG
Cancelada (turning point to the North) is at 28.6 nm from VOR MLG

You can also download and install free scenery developed by the Spanish Virtual Airline AirHispania (FS9 only). This scenery includes visual references (static balloons at an altitude of 500 ft) at every VRP. More information below.

Usually you don’t need to notify the ATC when you pass S-1 (Sierra-One) as it’s close to the airport, unless he asks you. But you can notify W-1 (whisky-one) point. After it, turn heading 266º and remember flying at not above 1000 ft.

You should contact the ATC at W (whisky) point to notify that you are exiting the CTR.

If you try turning north to Ronda town from W point, you would have to do a very steep climb to pass over the Sierra Palmitera with an altitude of 4839 ft and close to the coast. So that you can continue some 3 miles more and turn north when the distance to VOR MLG 113.55 is 28.6 nm.

The W point is over “Puerto Banús”, a sport harbour that became famous in Spain in the seventies, thanks to the luxury, the yachts and the parties with the most famous, rich and aristocratic people at that moment.
Leg 2
Leg 2
Click image to see full size map
 Turn North with a heading of 350º magnetic. Climb at no less than 500 feet per minute, with the peaks of Sierra Palmitera to your right and Anicola to your left.

Climb to 6000 ft until you reach the town of Ronda, at a distance of 18.3 nm. You will have to pay attention to the abrupt terrain and prepare your flight in advance to avoid the highest mountains (refer to the VFR chart by clicking on the map at left).

In FS default scenery (both FS9 and FSX) the town of Ronda is rendered as a scattered group of houses. You can also locate this waypoint by tuning VOR MAR 112.60, at radial 32 and distance 21.2 nm.

After passing Ronda, turn heading 32º following the 32 radial and descend to 4500 ft until you reach the VOR. Be careful not to fly above 4500 ft as you cross the glide path to runway 13 of Malaga airport, with a minimum altitude for approaching IFR flights of only 6000 ft.
Leg 3
Leg 3
Click image to see full size map
After passing the VOR, maintain an altitude of 4500 ft and turn heading 088º, following radial 088. Our next waypoint is the Archidona town and the N (November) point, at a distance of 27.9 nm from the VOR.

N is the official VRP to enter the CTR of Malaga. When approaching it, contact the ATC to ask for permission and tell him/her that you plan to enter through N, N-1, E-2 and E-1 points (November, November-One, Echo-Two…)
Leg 4
Leg 4
Click image to see full size map
After N point, turn heading 161º.  As you entered the CTR, you will have to keep an altitude of maximum 1000 ft AGL from here and until your landing.

Unfortunately, our route passes just over the peak of Chamizo, with an altitude of 5364 ft and at a distance of 7.3 nm from N point, so that climb to 6500 ft at no less than 400 f.p.m. Try to locate the peak both in your VFR map and the terrain (more or less, halfway between N and N-1 points).

As soon as you pass the peak of Chamizo, start descending again at about 600 f.p.m., as you have to reach the coast at a maximum altitude of 1000 ft, at a distance of only 23.6 nm.

You can notify the ATC you are passing N-1 point. Tune VOR MLG 113.55 again. This point is on radial 219 at a distance of 18.2 nm.
Leg 5
Leg 5
Click image to see full size map
E-2 point is on the coast, at a distance of 15.7 nm from VOR MLG. Turn heading 262º following the coast to the west and look for field in sight. Remember not flying above 1000 ft You can notify the ATC when you pass E-1 point, at a distance of 5.6 nm and on radial 262 of VOR MLG, and request joining and landing instructions. The city of Malaga is to your right on the coast.
Airfield Information
LEMG Malaga
Runway: 13/31 3200x45m
Elevation 16ft
Variation: 2ºW


Aircraft wanting to leave Malaga AD shall inform TWR before taxiing of the VFR reporting point through which they wish to proceed, in order to receive appropriate instructions of the departure.


VFR aircraft with destination Malaga AD, before entering TMA's Area 3 or the CTR, via the visual reporting points N (Archidona), E (Torrox), S and W (Marbella), shall contact APP to request clearance for entry. In case communication with APP cannot be accomplished, contact TWR.

From these points, maintaining 1000 ft AGL MAX, aircraft will be cleared to proceed by the specified routes, towards the ATZ entrance points, E-1 (Malaga) and S-1 (Torremolinos), until clearance from TWR to integrate into the aerodrome circuit is granted.

Aircraft entering via W point which cannot establish radio contact with APP, will continue up to point W-1 (Punta Calaburra), as maximum clearance, calling successively to APP until contact can be established.

In some cases, aircraft will have to hold at the aforementioned points. These holds shall always be performed on the opposite side of the runway in use.
Differences Spain--UK The main differences between Spanish and UK procedures are:

The visual reporting points around an airport are not called by the name of the feature as it is in the UK. In Spain they are called N, E, S, W (“November”, “Echo”, “Sierra” and “Whisky”). In some airports, such as Malaga, you can have several “E” points called “E-1”, “E-2” and so on. These points are usually placed over visual references, but the names of these references are not always indicated in the charts.

Outside the airports surroundings, you don’t have official VRPs. You simply notify where you are by telling the name of the places that you are passing over.

When shortening a callsign, they usually say the last 3 letters. For example, my callsign EC-CMM would be shortened as “Charlie-Mike-Mike”. In this event they probably will follow the VATSIM rules and use the first and last two letters (“Echo-Mike-Mike”).
Most of Spanish callsigns start with the letters EC. They mean “España-Civil”.
FS9 Freeware Scenery Freeware scenery available for FS9 users:

The people from AirHispania (one of the most important virtual airlines at the moment in Spain) developed scenery covering the whole country (not photographic scenery, unfortunately). The web page and instructions are in Spanish but it’s very easy to understand. Click on:

And go to the left menu (scroll down and click on “menu html” in case you can’t see it). Go to “Publicaciones” and “AirHispania SC”


Scroll down the page and you’ll find a set of files. You can either download and install the complete version of the scenery, both files:

AirHispania SC (completo precisa actualizaciones ) 13/01/2009 141.37 Mb
Actualización progresiva nº 1 (precisa SC completo) 16/01/2009 0.79 Mb 

Or you can install only some files to improve your flight. I would recommend:

Malla de terreno (Peninsula y Baleares ). v 1.0 18/11/2006 103.27 Mb   
Puntos VFR AMDT JUL/08). (a 500 f AGL) v 1.9 01/07/2008 0.38 Mb  
Pueblos. v 1.11 27/10/2008 6.83 Mb  
Toros de Osborne v 1.0 19/02/2008 0.05 Mb  
Documentación e Instrucciones de instalación. v 1.28 13/01/2009 0.86 Mb  
Breve introducción instalación de escenarios. v 1.00 18/11/2006 0.02 Mb 

You will have an improved mesh, static balloons at the VRP points, the towns, the famous “Toros de Osborne” (Osborne Bulls) and the documentation. At the end, you should have these files in these folders:

Mesh files:

Addon Scenery\AirHispania SC\scenery\N44W010_N35E005.bgl
Addon Scenery\AirHispania SC\scenery\N44E000_N33E007.bgl

VFR Points (static balloons at 500 ft):

Addon Scenery\AirHispania SC\scenery\puntos_vfr.bgl
Addon Scenery\AirHispania SC\scenery\add_balloons.bgl
Addon Scenery\AirHispania SC\texture\sk_balloons_1.bmp
Addon Scenery\AirHispania SC\texture\sk_balloons_1_lm.bmp


Addon Scenery\AirHispania SC\scenery\pueblos.bgl
Addon Scenery\AirHispania SC\scenery\nombres.bgl

Note: The file “nombres.bgl” (names) displays the town’s name written on the roof of one of the houses. It seems that it decreases the frame rate and at the end you’ll hardly see them, so that it’s recommended to delete or move this file.

Osborne Bulls:

Addon Scenery\AirHispania SC\scenery\toro2object.bgl
Addon Scenery\AirHispania SC\scenery\toros.bgl
Addon Scenery\AirHispania SC\texture\Base.bmp
Addon Scenery\AirHispania SC\texture\negrotoro.bmp
Addon Scenery\AirHispania SC\texture\toro_LM.bmp
Addon Scenery\AirHispania SC\texture\traseratoro_LM.bmp
FSX Freeware Scenery Freeware scenery available for FSX users:

A mesh file covering the Malaga area has recently been developed for this event by Miguel Regalado, an FS fan, friend of mine and member of Spantax virtual airline.

Download the file lemg_vfr.bgl, put it in the folder Addon Scenery\Scenery of FSX and set the mesh detail in FSX at maximum.

I think the only scenery worth installing in addition to this, is the VRP points and Osborne Bulls from AirHispania. (see FS9, above)
Payware Scenery New Spanish Airports, from Aerosoft, includes Malaga airport (FS9 only)

VOR and NDB Tracking

The Instrument Flight document in the Training section of the club web site contains a section on VORs and NDBs, and how to use them. If you are unsure how to track a VOR radial, download and have a look at this.

The document covers the use of NDB and DME for direction and distance measurements as well.

Radio Discipline

Take care not to let our Teamspeak chat cut across ATC. Stop any conversation immediately the R/T comes alive, then continue if "he wasn't talking to us". This is difficult because when transmitting on Teamspeak you can't hear the R/T. So be brief on Teamspeak, and be aware that ATC might be trying to get through. If anyone hears an R/T message which seems to be being ignored, just say "ATC is calling G-CIXN" if you have identified the callsign, or "ATC is calling us" which is a cue for everyone to be quiet on Teamspeak until ATC call again (which they will). Remember too that if asked to "Stand By" by ATC, you do not reply - not even "Roger", but simply wait until you are called again.

Remember also that there are several different ATC frequencies in use, and you may not be able to hear when communications are taking place. Make sure you have set and know how to use a Teamspeak mute switch.

Málaga Airport is the main airport for the Spanish Costa del Sol. It is 8 km southwest of Málaga and 5km north of Torremolinos. The airport has flight connections to over 60 countries worldwide, and 12,813,764 passengers passed through it in 2008. The airport currently operates with two terminals. A third terminal adjacent to the previous two is currently under construction and is scheduled to open in 2009. A second runway is expected to open by 2010.

Málaga is a port city in Andalusia, southern Spain, on the Costa del Sol coast of the Mediterranean. At the 2007 census the population is 576,725.

The Holy Week, and the Málaga Fair ("Feria de Málaga") are two well-known Málaga festivals. The Malaguenos choose the hottest month of the year, August, to celebrate the Feria de Malaga. The streets are transformed into symbols of Spanish culture and history, with sweet wine, tapas, and live flamenco shows filling the town. The day events consist of live music and dancing, while the night fair is moved to the Recinto Ferial, consisting of restaurants, clubs, and an entire fair ground with rides & games.

The city is a tourist destination, due mainly to its proximity to the Costa del Sol. Tourists also visit here to see the birthplace of Pablo Picasso. From Málaga, other cities like Seville, Córdoba, Granada, and Jaén can be reached by train, bus or car.

The lavish opening of the complex in May 1970 was attended by, amongst others, the Aga Khan, film director Roman Polanski, Playboy founder Hugh Hefner, Dr. Christian Barnard (pioneer of the heart transplant), and Prince Rainier and Princess Grace of Monaco. A youthful Julio Iglesias was contracted to sing for the guests.

The focal point of Puerto Banús is the marina. It has berths for 915 boats, including those of the King of Saudi Arabia and several of the world's wealthiest individuals. Behind the harbour lie streets filled with bars, boutiques and nightclubs.

Visitors to "The Port" (as it is known by locals) tend to be extremely wealthy tourists from northern Europe (especially UK) and Arabs (especially from Kuwait and Saudi Arabia) as well as holiday-making Spaniards.

The Osborne sherry company (founded by Thomas Osborne Mann in 1772) erected large images (about 14 m. high) of bulls starting in 1956 to advertise their Brandy de Jerez. They were in black (with the brand "Veterano" in red on it) advertising boarding located on sites near to major roads throughout Spain.

Later on, a new law was passed in 1994, prohibiting all kind of advertising near the roads for security reasons, but public response resulted in the signs being retained, but completely blacked out to remove all reference to the original advertisers. The Court eventually allowed these signs to remain on the grounds that it has become a part of the landscape where it is present and its "aesthetic or cultural significance" thus turning it into a figure of public domain.
 Briefing prepared by Francisco Garcia Garrido. Valid XHTML 1.0 Strict Valid CSS! Version 1.1 - 20:15 ZULU 30/01/09